Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ


発音/'ɑːrm/
範疇《筆画》《筆法》

語義 definitions

  1. 《筆画》他の筆画(特にstem)に一端または両端が接合していない突き出した水平画。(時にbarcrossbarcross strokeと同じ意味で使われる場合もある)
  2. 《筆画》他の筆画(特にstem)に一端のみ接合している、短い、上方へ傾斜した筆画。
  3. 《筆画》他の筆画(特にstembowlなど)に接合している、ほぼ水平な曲画。
  4. 《筆画》《筆法》「二階建て」g(double-storey g?)のlinkからloopに続く筆画。
  1. A projecting horizontal stroke of a letter which is unattached to a stroke or stem on one or both ends.
  2. A short, upward, projecting diagonal stroke of a letter which is attached to a stroke or stem on one end and free on the other.
  3. A curved horizontal stroke of a letter which is attached to a stroke, stem or bowl.
  4. A stroke of “double-storey g” which connects link and loop.

図解 illustrations

語義1 definition 1

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular
語義2 definition 2

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular
語義3 definition 3

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular
 
※小文字aはdouble-storey a?が対象で、single-storey a?は対象外。
語義4 definition 4

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular
 
single-storey g?は対象外。

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

In font terminology, the arm of a letter is a short stroke that is free at one or both ends.
Glossary of fonts terminology, typographic terms, typefaces | design : talkboard
語義1 definition 1
Short horizontal strokes, as in E, F, L, T.
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary
A horizontal stroke touching the letter at only one end, as in E and F.
Harris, David. The Art Of Calligraphy. Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2005, 128p.
Horizontal stroke of a letter which is attached to a stem at one end, as in the capital “E.”
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p.
A projecting horizontal stroke that is unattached on one or both ends, as in the letters T and E.
typoGRAPHIC
A horizontal stroke not connected on one or both ends.
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface
The horizontal stroke projecting from a stem in the letters E, F, L and T.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
horizontal stroke that does not connect to a stroke or stem on one or both ends (e.g.,T, E, F)
 
Type Terminology | DynamicGraphics.com
website『Typography - Planet Of Tunes』「Type anatomy」の「t」の図解
 
Typography - Planet Of Tunes(図解あり)
website『Designing with Type 5: Type Terminology』「Type Terminology」の「t」の図解
 
Designing with Type 5: Type Terminology(図解あり)
書籍『Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces』のp.30「LETTER STRUCTURE」の「E」の図解。
 
Willen, Bruce. Strals, Nolen. Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces. Princeton Architectural Press, 2009, 144p. (p.30)
Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefacesp.30の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
書籍『Designing Type』p.13の「E」
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.13)
『Designing Type』p.13 の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
語義1+2 definition 1 & 2
In typography, the horizontal or diagonal stroke extending off the stem, as in the capital “E.” An arm connected on both sides is called a bar.
PrintWiki – the Free Encyclopedia of Print
a horizontal or diagonal stroke starting from the stem, as in the capital “E” or “F”
PrintWiki – the Free Encyclopedia of Print
Arm/leg – An upper or lower (horizontal or diagonal) stroke that is attached on one end and free on the other.
Anatomy of a Character - Fonts.com
An upper (horizontal or diagonal) stroke that is attached on one end and free on the other.
Strizver, Ilene. Type Rules!: The Designer's Guide to Professional Typography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,, 2010, 272p.
Short horizontal or oblique strokes projecting from a stem, as in the letters E, F, L, T, and Y and the upper right strokes of K and k. Some authors use this term to refer only to horizontal strokes projecting from a stem.
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
The short, upward sloping stroke or horizontal projection of characters like the ‘X’ and ‘L’.
Typography Terms - Proxima software
The projecting horizontal or upward stroke not enclosed within a character, as in E, K or L.
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p.
A horizontal or upward diagonal stroke that is attached to the letter on one end and unattached on the other, such as in the uppercase E, F, L, X, Y, K, the lowercase x, and others.
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
Short strokes off the stem of the letterform, either horizontal (E, F, T) or inclined upward (K, Y).
 
Kane, John. A Type Primer. Laurence King Publishing, 2002, 208p. (p.50)
A Type Primer p.50の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
this is a horizontal or angled stroke at the top of a font that is not attached at both ends, such as the stroke on the top of a capital 'T' or the diagonal up stroke on a 'K'.
 
Discover the Anatomy of a Font: How to Distinguish the Different Parts of a Typeface
Short horizontal or oblique stroke that is free at one or both ends, as in E, F, K, L, T.
 
Linotype Support - Font Glossary
Font Anatomy(フォント用語集)の壁紙。
 
font.is » Wallpaper : Font Anatomy
Font Anatomy Wallpaper【JPG】
A horizontal or upward, sloping stroke that does not connect to a stroke or stem on one or both ends.
 
Arm | Typography Deconstructed(図解あり)
語義1+3 definition 1 & 3
ARMS are the straight or curved horizontal parts of letters. Arms are found in letters B, C, D, E, F, G, J, L, P, R, S, T, and Z.
 
Catich, Edward M.. Origin of the Serif. St Ambrose University, 1991, 310p. (p.16-p.17)(図解あり)
『Origin of the Serif』の図解
 
Catich, Edward M.. Origin of the Serif. St Ambrose University, 1991, 310p. (p.20)(図解あり)
『Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering』の図解
Catich, Edward M.. Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering. Hastings House Publishers, 1980, 64p. (p.57)(図解あり)
The projecting, unclosed or short OBLIQUE strokes in characters like E, L, C, and S.
 
Glossary of Terms | Font Factory(図解あり)
語義4 definition 4
『Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering』の図解
Catich, Edward M.. Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering. Hastings House Publishers, 1980, 64p. (p.57)(図解あり)

語義1+2+3 definition 1, 2 & 3
The arm of a letter is the horizontal stroke on some characters that does not connect to a stroke or stem at one or both ends. The top of the capital T and the horizontal strokes of the F and E are examples of arms. Additionally, the diagonal upward stroke on a K is its arm. Sometimes arm is used interchangeably with bar or crossbar or cross stroke.
 
Arm is often also used to describe the mostly horizontal top stroke of C, double-storey a, G, and other glyphs, to include the finial, terminal, spur, or other elements of the stroke.
 
Examples:The arms of an uppercase F connect to the stem only at one end and the arm of an uppercase T sits at the top of the stem and doesn't connect at either end. In contrast a cross stroke intersects the stem of a lowercase t or f and the cross bar connects the diagonal strokes of an uppercase A or the vertical stems of an H.
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters

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