Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/əse'ndər/
範疇《領域》

語義 definitions

  • 小文字のうち、mean line 1からascender lineまで伸びた部分または領域。
    【註】出が少しだけの小文字tの上端をascenderと看做さない場合もある。
  • The part or area of a certain lowercase letter that extends from the mean line to the ascender line.
    [NOTE] The letter t, which has a shorter projection above the x-height, is often not classified with other ascending letters.

図解 illustrations


 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

The part of certain lowercase letter-forms which extend above the x-height.
 
Glossary of fonts terminology, typographic terms, typefaces | design : talkboard
this is the part of lower case letters that extends above the x-height.
 
Discover the Anatomy of a Font: How to Distinguish the Different Parts of a Typeface
A portion of a stroke in a lowercase letter that extends beyond the mean line or above the lowercase x, such as in the lowercase b, d, f, h, k, l, and comparable letters.
 
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
The part of a lowercase character (b, d, f, h, k, l, t) that extends above the x-height.
 
Anatomy of a Character - Fonts.com
An upward vertical stroke found on lowercase letters that extends above the typeface’s x-height.
 
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface
The part of a lowercase letter that extends above the x-height, usually continuous with a main stroke. The letters b, d, f, h, k, and l have ascenders; i and j do not. (The letter t, which has a shorter projection above the x-height, is often not classified with other ascending letters.) The old-style numerals 6 and 8 also have ascenders because they extend above 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 9.
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
The part of a lowercase letter that rises above the main body of the letter (as in b, d, h). The part that extends above the x-height of a font.
 
Typography Terms - Proxima software
The part of a lowercase letter that rises above the x-height, as in letters 'b', 'd', 'f', 'h', 'k', 't' and 'l'.
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary
The part of some lower-case letters, such as a "b" or a "d" which rises above the x height.
 
typoGRAPHIC
In typography, the portion of some lowercase letters that extends above the character's x-height. The ascending characters are b, d, f, h, k, l, and t. They may not always align at the top of the ascender, although most do. One must be careful that line spacing, or leading, is sufficient so that the ascenders of one line do not touch the descenders of the previous line. In Old Roman typefaces, the ascenders were taller than capital letters. See also Descender and x-Height.
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
On lower case letters, it is the top part that extends above the other letters, such as on the letters b, d, h, and k in comparison to the letters a, c, e, m, and n.
 
Glossary of Printing Terms - PrintingTips.com
The part of a letter, such as bdfhl, that extends above the height of letters that are without projections, such as aeou and the x. The upward projection of lowercase t is not a full ascender, being always shorter than the height of l.
 
Type Directors Club : Views : Type Dictionary
In typography, the upward vertical stem on some lowercase letters, such as h and b, that extends above the x-height is the ascender. The height of the ascenders is an identifying characteristic of many typefaces.
 
The ascenders of some letters may touch or almost touch letters in the line above causing awkward or distracting patterns. This is most likely to happen or be obvious when a line of text with tall ascenders is below a line of text with long descenders. To resolve the problem of touching ascenders and descenders you can: Increase the leading (line spacing) between lines of type; Choose a different typeface; For headlines and subheads, some careful editing/re-wording can eliminate the problem; Changing the alignment of the text may also help.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters
Any part in a lowercase letter that extends above the x-height, found for example in b, d, f, h, k, etc. Some types of ascenders have specific names.
 
Typeface Anatomy and Glossary | FontShop
The Typographer’s Glossary | FontShop【PDF】(図解あり)
That part of a lowercase letter that rises above the x-height, as in letters b, d, f, h, k, t and l.
 
Foam Train fonts
The part of certain lowercase letters that extends above the x-height as in b, d, f, h, k, and l.
 
Linotype Support - Font Glossary
The upper portion of a lowercase letter that extends above the x-height, as in b, d, f, h, l.
 
Eckersley, Richard. Ellerston, Charles M. Hendel, Richard. Pascal, Naomi B. Scott, Anita Walker. Glossary of Typesetting Terms. The University of Chicago Press, 1995, 184p. (p.6)
The part of a lower-case letter which projects above the x-height.
 
Baines, Phil. Haslam, Andrew. Type & Typography (second edition). Watson-Guptill Publications, 2005, 224p. (p.206)
The part of a lowercase character (b, d, f, h, k, l, t) that extends above the height of the lowercase x.
 
Strizver, Ilene. Type Rules!: The Designer's Guide to Professional Typography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,, 2010, 272p. (p.46)
The lower-case letter stem that rises above the x-height, as in b, d or k.
 
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p. (p.164)
The upper stem of a lowercase letter, as in b, d, and k.
 
Harris, David. The Art Of Calligraphy. Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2005, 128p. (p.122)
The lowercase letter b, d, h, k and l have stems that extend up to the cap line or, preferably, a little above it. The part of the stem above the x-line is the ascender. In j, p and q the part of the stem below the baseline is the descender. The two features are sometimes called extruders, but that is a misuse of the word.
 
Tracy, Walter. Letters of Credit: A View of Type Design. David R Godine Pub, 2003, 224p. (p.13)
The portion of a letter that rises above the waistline, as in the upper stem of the minuscule “b.”
 
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p. (p.14)
The portion of the stem of a lowercase letterform that projects above the median.
 
Kane, John. A Type Primer. Laurence King Publishing, 2002, 208p. (p.50)
A Type Primer p.50の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The part of a character that extends above the x-height.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
portion of a lowercase character extending above the height of a lowercase x (e.g., b, d, f, h, k, l)
 
Type Terminology | DynamicGraphics.com(図解あり)
『Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering』の図解
Catich, Edward M.. Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering. Hastings House Publishers, 1980, 64p. (p.57)(図解あり)
The parts of some LOWER CASE characters like b, d and h that rise above the X-HEIGHT. In many book typefaces the ascenders are higher than the capitals.
 
Glossary of Terms | Font Factory(図解あり)
書籍『Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces』のp.30「LETTER STRUCTURE」の「b」の図解。
 
Willen, Bruce. Strals, Nolen. Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces. Princeton Architectural Press, 2009, 144p. (p.30)
Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefacesp.30の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
書籍『Designing Type』p.12の「b」
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.12)
『Designing Type』p.12 の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)

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ascender - Glossaries - Seesaa Wiki鐃淑ワ申鐃緒申鐃緒申鐃緒申 for 鐃緒申鐃殉¥申鐃夙フワ申鐃緒申 ≪潟若 2014 腱 c若 http://www.pslcbi.com/moncler2014.html

Posted by ≪潟若 2014 腱 c若 2013年12月07日(土) 22:31:11

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