Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/æ'ksis/
複数形axes /æ'ksiːz/
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語義 definitions

  1. 文字の曲画で一番細い地点を貫いて引かれる仮想の線。【同】stress 5
  2. 文字の曲画で一番太い地点を貫いて引かれる仮想の線。
  3. 曲画の太い部分の方向。
  4. 文字の曲線部の太い部分の角度。
  1. An imaginary line drawn through the thinnest points of a round letter.
  2. An imaginary line that passes through the thickest points of a round letter.
  3. The direction of stroke emphasis within a round letter.
  4. The angle of the stress of the round part of a letter.

図解 illustrations

語義1 definition 1

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular
 


 
Typeface: Didot Regular

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

語義1 definition 1
A design feature of rounded characters, formed by the thinning of their strokes. In old-style typefaces the axis is said to be inclined, in transitional and modern designs, it is usually said to be vertical.
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
An essential element of a letterform. The axis of a letter is the axis of its stroke, which is the angle of the pen used to create the letter. Strokes usually reveal the axis of a letter. Formed by the thinning of the stroke in round letters of Roman origin. In oldstyle types the axis is inclined to the left, while in transitional and modern types it is vertical. Exceptions occur primarily due to vagaries of individual designers. A letter may have multiple axes. Not to be confused with slope.
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary(図解あり)
The axis of a letter is the axis of its stroke is the angle of the pen used to create the letter. Thin strokes usually reveal the axis of the stroke. A letter may have multiple axes. Not to be confused with “slope.”
 
Foam Train fonts
In typography, the axis of a letter generally means the axis of the stroke, which in turn reveals the axis of the pen or other tool used to make the letter. If a letter has thick strokes and thin ones, find the thick strokes and extend them into lines. These lines reveal the axis (or axes; there may be several) of the letter. Not to be confused with slope.
 
Bringhurst, Robert. The Elements Of Typographic Style: Version 3.0. Hartley & Marks, 2004, 384p. (p.321)
The real or imaginary straight line on which a letterform rotates.
 
typoGRAPHIC
An imaginary line drawn from top to bottom of a glyph bisecting the upper and lower strokes is the axis. For typefaces that exhibit changes in the thickness of curved strokes, the inclination of the axis of the lowercase o is used to measure the angle of stress. A completely vertical axis indicates a design with an angle of 0 or vertical stress. When the axis leans to the left or right the design has angled (positive or negative) stress. Early styles of typefaces generally shared similiar axis or stress angles.
 
The axis or design axis is also an adjustable attribute of some fonts, such as Multiple Master fonts. Adjusting the design axis results in variations in the weight, width, size, and other features of the typeface.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters
An imaginary line drawn from top to bottom of a glyph bisecting the upper and lower strokes is the axis.
 
Typeface Anatomy and Glossary | FontShop
The Typographer’s Glossary | FontShop【PDF】(図解あり)
Also stress. Imaginary line drawn through the thinnest points in the “O” of a given script. Used to analyze and describe the nature of various letterforms.
 
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p. (p.14)
語義2 definition 2
In Roman Imperial Capitals, this is the imaginary line that passes through the thickest points of a letter. Also known as the “stress” of the letter.
 
Harris, David. The Art Of Calligraphy. Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2005, 128p. (p.122)
語義3 definition 3
The direction of stroke emphasis within a letter. Letters with modulated strokes display thick and thin areas, based on the angle of the writing tool used to create them.
 
Willen, Bruce. Strals, Nolen. Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces. Princeton Architectural Press, 2009, 144p. (p.32, p.126)(図解あり)
語義4(角度) definition 4
The angle of the stress of the round part of a character.
 
Strizver, Ilene. Type Rules!: The Designer's Guide to Professional Typography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,, 2010, 272p. (p.46)

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