Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/bo'ul/
範疇《筆画》《部位》《空隙》

語義 definitions

  1. 《筆画》内部空間(counter)を完全にまたは部分的に囲む曲画。【同】bow, round, eye 2
  2. 《部位》完全に閉じた(楕)円形部分。【同】loop 3
  3. 《空隙》曲線状の、(ほぼ)完全に囲まれた文字中の空間。【類】counter
  1. A ronded or curved stroke of a letter which creates an enclosed space (called a counter) within a character and is either open or closed.
  2. A fully closed, rounded part of a letter.
  3. A usually curved, enclosed or nearly entirely closed space inside a letter.

図解 illustrations

語義1 definition 1

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

語義2 definition 2

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

語義3 definition 3

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

語義1 definition 1
The strokes that fully or partially enclose an interior space in such characters as a, b, d, the upper part of g, and O, P, and R. Usually rounded or curved. (The lower part of the g is typically called a loop.)
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
A curved stroke which creates an enclosed space within a character (the space is then called a counter).
 
Anatomy of a Character - Fonts.com
The enclosed oval or round curve of letters like 'D', 'g', b', and 'o'. In an open bowl, the stroke does not meet with the stem completely; a closed-bowl stroke meets the stem.
 
Typography Terms - Proxima software
In typography, the curved stroke of a letter or other character which creates an enclosed space (called a counter) in the character, as in the stroke that forms the center of the letter "o." A complete bowl is formed only by curved strokes (as in the "o") while a modified bowl has the stem forming one of the sides, as in the lowercase "a."
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
In typography, the curved part of the character that encloses the circular or curved parts (counter) of some letters such as d, b, o, D, and B is the bowl. Some sources call any parts of a letter enclosing a space a bowl, including both parts of a double-storey g and the straight stem on a D or B. The curved strokes of a C are sometimes also referred to as bowls although they aren't closed.
 
The shape and size of the counter and bowl can affect readability and is also an identifying factor for some typefaces.
 
At small sizes or at low resolution the bowls of some letters may fill in and appear solid. Print at a larger size, higher resolution, or change to a different typeface if this becomes an issue. Heavy typefaces or ones with normally small bowls and counters are especially prone to closing up.
 
Examples: The bowl usually refers to the main, enclosed circular portion of some characters and not usually the curved loops that may be a part of the extenders or other flourishes on letters such as the double-storey g, cursive y, or cursive d.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters
The curved part of the character that encloses the circular or curved parts (counter) of some letters such as ‘d’, ‘b’, ‘o’, ‘D’, and ‘B’ is the bowl.
 
Typeface Anatomy and Glossary | FontShop
The Typographer’s Glossary | FontShop【PDF】(図解あり)
A curved stroke that encloses a letter’s counter.
 
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface
The rounded stroke of a letter, enclosing a counter.
 
Eckersley, Richard. Ellerston, Charles M. Hendel, Richard. Pascal, Naomi B. Scott, Anita Walker. Glossary of Typesetting Terms. The University of Chicago Press, 1995, 184p. (p.14)
The oval stroke that encloses the counter, as in b, p or O.
 
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p. (p.164)
The curved stroke attached to the letter stem that creates an enclosed space (counter), as in letters b, d, and g. Also known as “bow.”
 
Harris, David. The Art Of Calligraphy. Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2005, 128p. (p.122)
The curved part of the letters B, P, R, b, d, p and q, and the lower section of a.
 
Tracy, Walter. Letters of Credit: A View of Type Design. David R Godine Pub, 2003, 224p. (p.13)
Also bow and round. Curved stroke which makes an enclosed space within a character, as in “R” or “B.”
 
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p. (p.20)
A curved stroke that creates an enclosed space within a letter, such as the lowercase a, b, d, p, q, uppercase B, P, R, and other comparable letters.
 
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
this is a curved stroke that encloses a section of a character.
 
Discover the Anatomy of a Font: How to Distinguish the Different Parts of a Typeface
The curved 'bulb' structure in certain letterforms, such as 'B' and 'P'
 
Glossary of fonts terminology, typographic terms, typefaces | design : talkboard
The rounded form that describes a counter. The bowl may be either open or closed.
 
Kane, John. A Type Primer. Laurence King Publishing, 2002, 208p. (p.51)
A Type Primer p.51の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The strokes that create a partial or complete enclose of an interior space in among other characters O, P, R, C, G, a, p, q. The bowl is usually rounded or curved.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
『The Thames and Hudson Manual of Typography』p.76の小文字「g」の図解。
 
McLean, Ruari. The Thames and Hudson Manual of Typography. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1992, 216p. (p.76)
>書籍『Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces』のp.30「LETTER STRUCTURE」の「p」の図解。
 
Willen, Bruce. Strals, Nolen. Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces. Princeton Architectural Press, 2009, 144p. (p.30)
Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefacesp.30の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
A curved stroke that creates an enclosed space.
 
【引用者註】大文字Uの下の曲画をbowlと呼ぶことについては、p.54-p.55を参照。
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.12, p.54, p.55)
『Designing Type』p.12の「G」『Designing Type』p.54-p.55の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)

The generally round or elliptical forms which are the basic bodyshape of letters such as C, G, O in the upper case, and b, c, e, o, p in the lower case. Also called eye.
 
Bringhurst, Robert. The Elements Of Typographic Style: Version 3.0. Hartley & Marks, 2004, 384p. (p.324)
The generally round or elliptical forms which are the basic body shape of letters such as C, G, O in the uppercase, and b, c, e, o, p in the lowercase. Also called eye.
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary
The generally round or elliptical forms which are the basic body shape of letters such as (uppercase) C, G, O, and (lowercase) b, c, e, o, and p. Similar to the space known as an "eye".
 
typoGRAPHIC
The generally round or elliptical forms which are the basic body shape of letters such as (uppercase) C, G, O, and (lowercase) b, c, e, o, and p. Similar to the space known as an “eye”.
 
Foam Train fonts
The round or elliptical main structural element of letters such as C, G, 0 Uppercase, and b, c, e, o, p in the lowercase. Also sometimes called eye.
 
Linotype Support - Font Glossary
(【引用者註】文中「C, G, 0 Uppercase」の「0」は「O(オー)」の間違いかと思われる)

語義2 definition 2
the fully closed, rounded part of a character (e.g., d, q, P, R); also called Loop
 
Type Terminology | DynamicGraphics.com(図解あり)
The oval or circular forms of characters, either complete as in 'O' or 'Q', or partial as in 'P', 'p'.
 
Glossary of Terms | Font Factory(図解あり)

語義3 definition 3
A usually curved, enclosed or nearly entirely closed space inside a letter, as the holes of B or g. Cf. Counter.
 
Type Directors Club : Views : Type Dictionary

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Posted by ≪潟若 鴻 2013年12月09日(月) 00:32:14

bowl - Glossaries - Seesaa Wiki鐃淑ワ申鐃緒申鐃緒申鐃緒申 for 鐃緒申鐃殉¥申鐃夙フワ申鐃緒申 ≪潟若 http://www.pslcbi.com/moncler2014.html

Posted by ≪潟若  2013年12月06日(金) 01:51:49

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