Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/ka'untər/
範疇《活版》《空隙》

語義 definitions

  1. 《活版》谷、カウンター。活字面のインクが付かない凹部。
  2. 《空隙》筆画によって完全にまたは部分的に囲まれた内部空間。【同】counterform?【類】aperture 2, eye 1, bowl 3, loop 4, lobe 3
  3. 《空隙》完全にまたは部分的に囲まれた、文字内部ないし文字周囲の空間。
  1.  
  2. The fully or partially enclosed interior space of a letter. The enclosure may be made by strokes. Some letters have more than one counter.
  3. An enclosed or partly enclosed space inside or surrounding a letter.

【註:語義2について】語義によっては曲画で囲まれた空間(the enclosed or partially enclosed circular or curved negative space)やbowl内の空間(The white space within a bowl)と説明するものもあるが、そうなると直線画だけで囲まれた空間(例 A, E, Mなど)の呼称が無くなる故、より一般的な語義を採用する。また、aperture 2とよく混用される。
[note: about the definition 2] It is commonly confused with aperture 2.

図解 illustrations

語義2 definition 2



 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

語義2 definition 2
The fully or partially enclosed interior space of a character. The enclosure may be made by curved strokes and/or stems. Some characters, such as A and M, have more than one counter.
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
The partially or fully enclosed space within a character.
 
Anatomy of a Character - Fonts.com(図解あり)
The enclosed (or partially enclosed) space within letters such as 'c,' 'e,' S,' 'H,' and 'g.' Often confused with "bowl."
 
Typography Terms - Proxima software
The white space enclosed by a letterform, whether wholly enclosed, as in d or o, or partially, as in c or m.
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary(図解あり)
The white space enclosed by a letterform, whether wholly enclosed (as in "d" or "o") or partially (as in "c" or "m").
 
typoGRAPHIC
In typography, the space in a letter or other character enclosed―either fully or partially―by the strokes of the character, as in the center of the letter "o." The lines enclosing the counter are known as the bowl.
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
Fully or partially enclosed space within a letter.
 
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface(図解あり)
The white space enclosed by a letterform, whether wholly enclosed, as in d or o, or partially, as in c or m.
 
Foam Train fonts
In typography, the enclosed or partially enclosed circular or curved negative space (white space) of some letters such as d, o, and s is the counter. The term counter may sometimes be used to refer only to closed space, while partially enclosed spaces in m, n, or h are the aperture. The shape and size of the counter and bowl (curved stroke enclosing the counter) can affect readability and is also an identifying factor for some typefaces.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters(図解あり)
The enclosed or partially enclosed circular or curved negative space (white space) of some letters such as d, o, and s is the counter.
 
Typeface Anatomy and Glossary | FontShop(図解あり)
The Typographer’s Glossary | FontShop【PDF】(図解あり)
The space that is either partially or completely enclosed by the bowl of a letterform, as in C or O.
 
Linotype Support - Font Glossary(図解あり)
A partially or fully enclosed white space that forms part of a letter, such as the doughnut hole of the letter O.
 
Eckersley, Richard. Ellerston, Charles M. Hendel, Richard. Pascal, Naomi B. Scott, Anita Walker. Glossary of Typesetting Terms. The University of Chicago Press, 1995, 184p. (p.25)
『Glossary of Typesetting Terms』のp.119「The Parts of a Letter」の図解の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
A partially or fully enclosed area within a letter.
 
Willen, Bruce. Strals, Nolen. Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces. Princeton Architectural Press, 2009, 144p. (p.126)
『Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces』p.30の図解の「u, o」の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The hollow negative space within a letterform.
 
Baines, Phil. Haslam, Andrew. Type & Typography (second edition). Watson-Guptill Publications, 2005, 224p. (p.206)(図解あり)
The partially or fully enclosed space within a character.
 
Strizver, Ilene. Type Rules!: The Designer's Guide to Professional Typography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,, 2010, 272p. (p.46, 261)(図解あり)
The white space within a bowl.
 
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p. (p.164)(図解あり)
Any space within a letter, either fully or partially enclosed.
 
Harris, David. The Art Of Calligraphy. Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2005, 128p. (p.122)
The white space enclosed by a letterform, whether wholly enclosed, as in d or o, or partially, as in c or m.
 
Bringhurst, Robert. The Elements Of Typographic Style: Version 3.0. Hartley & Marks, 2004, 384p. (p.324)
Counters are the ‘whites’ within characters, particularly the enclosed areas: the ‘eye’ of e, the two interior spaces in B. But the term is also used for the space between the uprights of H and n.
 
Tracy, Walter. Letters of Credit: A View of Type Design. David R Godine Pub, 2003, 224p. (p.13)
Fully or partially enclosed space within a character.
 
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p. (p.36)
The fully or partially enclosed negative space within or adjacent to a letterform.
 
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
Font Anatomy(フォント用語集)の壁紙。
 
font.is » Wallpaper : Font Anatomy
Font Anatomy Wallpaper【JPG】(図解あり)
this is an enclosed section of a letter, such as in a lower case 'e'.
 
Discover the Anatomy of a Font: How to Distinguish the Different Parts of a Typeface(図解あり)
The 'hollow' space of a letterform that is enclosed by the bowl.
 
Glossary of fonts terminology, typographic terms, typefaces | design : talkboard
The negative space within a letterform, either fully or partially enclosed.
 
Kane, John. A Type Primer. Laurence King Publishing, 2002, 208p. (p.51)
A Type Primer p.51の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The partial or complete enclosed interior space of a character.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
open space in a fully or partly closed portion of a letter (e.g., q, Q, d, D)
 
Type Terminology | DynamicGraphics.com(図解あり)
『Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering』の図解
 
Catich, Edward M.. Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering. Hastings House Publishers, 1980, 64p. (p.57)(図解あり)
『Origin of the Serif』の図解
 
Catich, Edward M.. Origin of the Serif. St Ambrose University, 1991, 310p. (p.20)(図解あり)
The white, or negative, space enclosed by the strokes of characters.
 
Glossary of Terms | Font Factory(図解あり)
A partially or fully enclosed space in a letter.
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.12)
『Designing Type』p.12の「Q」 の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
語義3 definition 3
An enclosed or partly enclosed space inside or surrounding a letter, as the interior of O or the area around the outside of O. Cf. Bowl.
 
Type Directors Club : Views : Type Dictionary

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