Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/krɔ'ːsbɑ`ːr/
範疇《筆画》
別綴cross bar, cross-bar

語義 definitions

  1. 両端が他の筆画に接合した大文字A・Hの水平画、または小文字eの水平画。時に斜画の場合もある。【同】bar 1
  2. 他の筆画と交差した水平画。【同】cross stroke
  3. 他の筆画と交差した水平画、または両端が他の筆画に接合した水平画。時に斜画の場合もある。【同】bar 1, cross stroke, cross-stroke, hairline bar, horizontal stroke 2
【註】大文字Tの水平画は2つのarmとも取れる。
  1. A horizontal (or sometimes diagonal) stroke of a letter across the middle of uppercase A and H, or a horizontal (or sometimes diagonal) stroke enclosing the bottom of the eye of lowercase e. Each end is not free and connects to another stroke.
  2. A horizontal stroke of a letter that crosses (or passes through) another stroke with both ends unattached.
  3. A horizontal (or sometimes diagonal) stroke of a letter that intersects with one or more stems or whose both ends connect to another stroke or rounds.
[note] The capital "T" horizontal stroke is more accurately two arms.

図解 illustrations

語義1 definition 1

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

語義2 definition 2

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

語義3 definition 3
→語義1+語義2 definition 2 & 3

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

A horizontal stroke.
 
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface(図解あり)
語義1 definition 1
The (usually) horizontal stroke across the middle of uppercase ‘A’ and ‘H’ is a crossbar.
 
Typeface Anatomy and Glossary | FontShop(図解あり)
The Typographer’s Glossary | FontShop【PDF】(図解あり)
The horizontal bar connecting two strokes of a let-terform, as in "H" and "A", the ends are not free.
 
Typography Terms - Proxima software
The (usually) horizontal stroke across the middle of uppercase A and H is a crossbar. The horizontal or sloping stroke enclosing the bottom of the eye of an e is also a crossbar. Although often used interchangeably, the crossbar differs from an arm and a cross stroke because each end connects to a stem or stroke and doesn't (usually) intersect/cross over the stem or stroke. The varying positioning, thickness, and slope of the bar is an identifying feature of many type designs.
 
Examples: The cross bar connects the diagonal strokes of an uppercase A or the vertical stems of an H. In contrast, the cross stroke intersects the stem of a lowercase t or f while the arms of an uppercase F connect to the stem only at one end.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters(図解あり)
The horizontal or diagonal stroke of a letterform that usually connects two stems, as in A and H.
 
Linotype Support - Font Glossary(図解あり)
generally this is a horizontal stroke that is connected at both ends, such as that seen in the letters 'A' and 'H'.
 
Discover the Anatomy of a Font: How to Distinguish the Different Parts of a Typeface(図解あり)
The stroke that connects two stems of a letterform. Can be either horizontal or diagonal.
 
Glossary of fonts terminology, typographic terms, typefaces | design : talkboard
The horizontal stroke in a letterform that joins two stems together.
 
Kane, John. A Type Primer. Laurence King Publishing, 2002, 208p. (p.51)
A Type Primer p.51の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The horizontal line that connects the stems of the H and A.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
horizontal stroke that connects two strokes in capital letters such as A or H
 
Type Terminology | DynamicGraphics.com(図解あり)
『Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering』の図解
Catich, Edward M.. Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering. Hastings House Publishers, 1980, 64p. (p.57)(図解あり)
書籍『Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces』のp.30「LETTER STRUCTURE」の「A, H, T」の図解。
 
Willen, Bruce. Strals, Nolen. Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces. Princeton Architectural Press, 2009, 144p. (p.30)
Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefacesp.30の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
書籍『Designing Type』p.13の「H」
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.13)
『Designing Type』p.13 の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
語義2 definition 2
In typography, a horizontal stroke that passes through the stem, as in the lowercase "t."
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
a horizontal stroke that crosses through the stem, as in the lowercase "t"; the capital "T" stroke is more accurately two arms
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
A horizontal stroke crossing a vertical stroke.
 
Foam Train fonts
A horizontal stroke that crosses another stroke, such as in the lowercase t and f, and the uppercase T.
 
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
語義3 definition 3
A horizontal (or sometimes diagonal) stroke that intersects with or connects one or more stems or rounds, as in A, H, T, e, f, and t. Some authors, however, use this term only for enclosed horizontal strokes that do not cut through a stem or round, as in A, H, and e, whereas they use cross stroke for strokes that do cut through a stem, as in the letters f and t.
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
A horizontal stroke connecting two stems as in A, H, or a simple stroke as in f and t.
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary(図解あり)
A horizontal stroke that crosses to, over, or through the stem of a letter;(中略)Also called hairline bar in some faces
 
Eckersley, Richard. Ellerston, Charles M. Hendel, Richard. Pascal, Naomi B. Scott, Anita Walker. Glossary of Typesetting Terms. The University of Chicago Press, 1995, 184p.
『Glossary of Typesetting Terms』のp.119「The Parts of a Letter」の図解の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The horizontal stroke on a letter, as in t and H. Also known as the “bar.”
 
Harris, David. The Art Of Calligraphy. Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2005, 128p.
The horizontal stroke in A, H, f or t; also known as a bar or a cross-stroke.
 
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p.(図解あり)


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