Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/lu'ːp/
範疇《筆画》《部位》《空隙》《筆法》

語義 definitions

  1. 《筆画》小文字の「二階建て」gの下部にある、空間(counter)を包み込んでいる筆画。
  2. 《筆画》小文字の「二階建て」aの上部の曲画。【同】shoulder 2
  3. 《部位》【同】bowl 2
  4. 《空隙》小文字の「二階建て」gのベースライン下の、完全にまたは部分的に囲まれた空間。【同】lobe 3
  5. 《空隙》《筆法》アセンダーまたはディセンダーにある筆画で囲まれた空間。
  1. A elliptical stroke that wraps around the counter at the lower portion of the two-storey lowercase g. In some typefaces it is open.
  2. A curved stroke at the upper portion of the two-storey lowercase a.
  3. =bowl 2
  4. The enclosed or partially enclosed counter below the baseline of a double-storey g.
  5. The enclosed space in an ascender or descender, which first appeared in handwriting as a way of avoiding time-consuming pen lifts.

図解 illustrations

語義1 definition 1

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

語義2 definition 2

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

語義3 definition 3
bowl 2

語義4 definition 4

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

語義5 definition 5

 
Typeface: Zapfino Regular

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

語義1 definition 1
Font Anatomy(フォント用語集)の壁紙の小文字「g」。
 
font.is » Wallpaper : Font Anatomy
Font Anatomy Wallpaper【JPG】(図解あり)
The elliptical stroke at the bottom of the lowercase g.
 
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
The lower portion of a two-story lowercase g. Also, an enclosing stroke that either ascends or descends from a lowercase script letter.
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
The lower portion of the lowercase g.
 
Anatomy of a Character - Fonts.com(図解あり)
In typography, the part of a letter or other character consisting of a bowl which serves as a flourish, as in the bottom portion of the lowercase "g."
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
The area that wraps around the counter of a serif faced g. It is also a terminal.
 
Linotype Support - Font Glossary(図解あり)
A rounded form in a letter, as in the Baskerville lowercase roman g, that is not closed and is less circular than the bowl (the upper part of the g).
 
Eckersley, Richard. Ellerston, Charles M. Hendel, Richard. Pascal, Naomi B. Scott, Anita Walker. Glossary of Typesetting Terms. The University of Chicago Press, 1995, 184p. (p.64)(図解あり)
The lower portion of the lowercase g.
 
Strizver, Ilene. Type Rules!: The Designer's Guide to Professional Typography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,, 2010, 272p. (p.46, 262)(図解あり)
The portion of the g that falls below the baseline when it is entirely closed.
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p. (p.165)
In some typefaces, the bowl created in the descender of the lowercase G.
 
Kane, John. A Type Primer. Laurence King Publishing, 2002, 208p. (p.52)
A Type Primer p.52の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The lower part of a two-story g.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
『Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering』の図解
Catich, Edward M.. Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering. Hastings House Publishers, 1980, 64p. (p.57)(図解あり)
The Loop is the rounded form in the lower part of the letter 'g'. In some typefaces it is open!
 
Glossary of Terms | Font Factory(図解あり)
書籍『Designing Type』p.12の「g」
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.12)
『Designing Type』p.12 の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
語義2 definition 2
『The Thames and Hudson Manual of Typography』p.74の小文字「a」の図解。
 
McLean, Ruari. The Thames and Hudson Manual of Typography. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1992, 216p. (p.74)
語義3 definition 3
bowl 2
語義4 definition 4
In a double-storey g, the loop is the enclosed or partially enclosed counter below the baseline that is connected to the bowl by a link. The enclosed or partially enclosed extenders on cursive p, b, l, and similiar letters are also called loops. Both uppercase and lowercase cursive letters often have extra loops and flourishes. Sometimes the small curve or hook at the end of a j or q is called a loop although it really isn't.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters
In a double-storey ‘g’, the loop is the enclosed or partially enclosed counter below the baseline that is connected to the bowl by a link. The enclosed or partially enclosed extenders on cursive ‘p’, ‘b’, ‘l’, and similiar letters are also called loops.
Typeface Anatomy and Glossary | FontShop
The Typographer’s Glossary | FontShop【PDF】(図解あり)
(【引用者註】説明文では「語義2」、図解では「語義1」と取れ、意味が不明瞭。)
The enclosed or partially enclosed counter below the baseline of a double-story g.
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface
(【引用者註】説明文では「語義2」、図解では「語義1」と取れ、意味が不明瞭。)
語義5 definition 5
The enclosed space in an ascender or descender, as in g.
 
Harris, David. The Art Of Calligraphy. Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2005, 128p. (p.123)
Enclosed space in an ascender or descender, which first appeared in handwriting as a way of avoiding time-consuming pen lifts. When it is unintentionally filled in, as in speedy handwriting, it is called a “blind loop.”
 
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p. (p.75)

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