Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/se'rif/
範疇《セリフ》《書体》
別綴ceriph

語義 definitions

  1. 《セリフ》セリフ。(主要な)筆画の先端の片側ないし両側に飛び出した突起物。
  2. 《書体》セリフ書体。
  1. The small projection extending off the beginning or end of the stem, arm or other stroke of a letter. It forms unilateral or bilateral stops.
  2. The name of typefaces with serifs (See. serif 1).

図解 illustrations




 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

語義1 definition 1
this is a projection from the main stroke of a letter and may be bracketed (curved serifs) or unbracketed (straight or block shaped).
 
Discover the Anatomy of a Font: How to Distinguish the Different Parts of a Typeface(図解あり)
A finishing stroke at the beginning or end of the major strokes of a letterform on either side. A serif enhances readability by moving the viewer's eye horizontally along a line.
 
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
The projections extending off the main strokes of the characters of serif typefaces. Serifs come in two styles: bracketed and unbracketed. Brackets are the supportive curves which connect the serif to the stroke. Unbracketed serifs are attached sharply, and usually at 90 degree angles.
 
Anatomy of a Character - Fonts.com(図解あり)
“Feet” or non-structural details at the ends of some strokes. Also a typeface with serifs.
 
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface(図解あり)
A short line or finishing stroke that crosses or projects from stems or strokes in a character. Serifs have many shapes, including hairline, bracketed, wedge, and slab.
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
Small, finishing strokes on the arms, stems, and tails of characters. Serif typefaces are usually used for text since the serifs form a link between letters that leads the eye across a line of type.
 
Typography Terms - Proxima software
(1) A stroke added to the beginning or the end of one of the main strokes of a letter. In the roman alphabet, serifs are usually reflexive finishing strokes, forming unilateral or bilateral stops. (They are unilateral if they project only to one side of the main stroke, like the serifs at the head of T and the foot of L, and bilateral if they project to both sides, like the serifs at the foot of T and the head of L.) Transitive serifs ― smooth entry or exit strokes ― are the norm in italic. There are many descriptive terms for serifs, especially as they have developed in roman faces. They may be not only unilateral or bilateral, but also long or short, thick or thin, pointed or blunt, abrupt or adnate, horizontal or vertical or oblique, tapered, triangular and so on. In blackletters they are frequently scutulate (diamond shaped), and in some script faces, such as Tekton, the serifs are virtually round. (Not all type historians agree that the word serif should be used in the relation to italic letters. But some term is is necessary to denote the difference between, for example, Bembo italic and Gil Sans italic. The former is described as a serified italic, the latter as unserified).
See also a picture of serif styles
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary(図解あり)
A stroke added to the beginning or the end of one of the main strokes of a letter. In the roman alphabet, serifs are usually reflexive finishing strokes, forming unilateral or bilateral stops. (They are unilateral if they project only to one side of the main stroke, like the serifs at the head of T and the foot of L, and bilateral if they project to both sides, like the serifs at the foot of T and the head of L.) Transitive serifs ― smooth entry or exit strokes ― are the norm in italic. There are many descriptive terms for serifs, especially as they have developed in roman faces. They may be not only unilateral or bilateral, but also long or short, thick or thin, pointed or blunt, abrupt or adnate, horizontal or vertical or oblique, tapered, triangular and so on. In blackletters they are frequently scutulate (diamond shaped), and in some script faces, such as Tekton, the serifs are virtually round. (Not all type historians agree that the word serif should be used in the relation to italic letters. But some term is is necessary to denote the difference between, for example, Bembo italic and Gill Sans italic. In this book, the former is described as a serified italic, the latter as unserified.)
 
Foam Train fonts
A stroke added to the beginning or end of one of the main strokes of a letter.
 
typoGRAPHIC
In typography, an all-inclusive term for characters that have a line crossing the free end of a stroke. The term serif refers to both that finishing line, and to characters and typefaces that have them.
 
It is said that the Romans invented the serif as a solution to the technical problem of getting a chisel to cut a neat, clean end to a character. Later, it became an emulation of handwriting, with flat "pens" producing thick and thin curves, based on the angle of the pen.
 
Serif characters tend to be easier to read, as they provide a horizontal guideline for the eye to "tie" the letters of a word together. It is generally better to use serif faces (rather than sans serif faces) when typesetting long stretches of copy, such as books with few illustrations, since serif faces cause less fatigue of the eyes. According to one study, there is reader preference for, and better legibility of, serif faces. Half-serifs on horizontal arms are sometimes called beaks, and serifs at the end of arcs are called barbs. A character exhibiting a curvature of the transition from the main stroke to the serif is referred to as bracketed. A character in which the angle from the main stroke to the serif is a right angle is described as square serif.
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
A projection from a major stem of a letter that is usually not part of the essential structure of a letter. Serifs developed from the motion of writing tools as they begin and end pigment flow. In type, they are stylistic variants that help to maintain stroke ends in low-resolution printing or small sizes, and add visual complexity and reinforcement of letter identity.
 
Type Directors Club : Views : Type Dictionary
A serif is the little extra stroke found at the end of main vertical and horizontal strokes of some letterforms. Some are subtle and others may be quite pronounced and obvious. In some cases serifs may aid in the readability of a typeface. Serif refers, in general, to any style of type that has serifs. Fonts without serifs are called sans serif.
 
Serif is also the name of a company that produces a popular line of desktop publishing software including Serif PagePlus for page layout and Serif DrawPlus for illustration.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters(図解あり)
In typography, a serif is the little extra stroke found at the end of main vertical and horizontal strokes of some letterforms. Serifs fall into various groups and can be generally described as hairline (hair), square (slab), or wedge and are either bracketed or unbracketed.
 
Hairline serifs are much thinner than the main strokes. Square or slab serifs are thicker than hairline serifs all the way up heavier weight than the main strokes. Wedge serifs are triangular in shape. Unbracketed serifs attach directly to the strokes of the letterform, sometimes abrubtly or at right angles. Bracketed serifs provide a curved transition between the serif and the main strokes. Within these divisions serifs can be blunt, rounded, tapered, pointed, or some hyrid shape.
 
Some special serif-like character parts are spurs and beaks.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters(図解あり)
A small stroke projecting from the main strokes of a character. Some popular serif typefaces are Times Roman and Century Schoolbook. Serifs can have many different shapes: bracketed (e.g. Times Roman), slab (e.g. Stymie), and hairline serifs (e.g. Bodoni) are are some examples.
 
Linotype Support - Font Glossary(図解あり)
A terminal or short ending stroke of a type character.
 
Eckersley, Richard. Ellerston, Charles M. Hendel, Richard. Pascal, Naomi B. Scott, Anita Walker. Glossary of Typesetting Terms. The University of Chicago Press, 1995, 184p. (p.92)
『Glossary of Typesetting Terms』のp.119「The Parts of a Letter」の図解の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
A short finishing line or mark at the end of a stroke.
 
Willen, Bruce. Strals, Nolen. Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces. Princeton Architectural Press, 2009, 144p. (p.127)
Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefacesp.30の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
Accretion at the end of the stems of roman letters through by some to originate from stone-carving practice.
 
Baines, Phil. Haslam, Andrew. Type & Typography (second edition). Watson-Guptill Publications, 2005, 224p. (p.207)
Short lines at the ends of the horizontal and vertical strokes. Serif shapes and sizes can vary considerably.
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.10)
『Designing Type』p.10の「E」 の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The projections extending off the main strokes of the characters of serif typefaces. Serifs come in two styles: bracketed and unbracketed. Brackets are the supportive curves that connect the serif to the stroke, creating a somewhat softer look. Unbracketed serifs are attached sharply and usually at 90-degree angles.
 
Strizver, Ilene. Type Rules!: The Designer's Guide to Professional Typography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,, 2010, 272p. (p.46)(図解あり)
The small stroke drawn across and out of a stem, arm or tail.
 
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p. (p.165)(図解あり)
A short, decorative stroke used to finish off the stroke of a letter. Many different types exist, including the bracketed serif and the wedge serif.
 
Harris, David. The Art Of Calligraphy. Dorling Kindersley Publishing, 2005, 128p. (p.123)
A stroke added to the beginning or end of one of the main strokes of a letter. In the roman alphabet, serifs are usually reflexive finishing strokes, forming unilateral or bilateral stops. (They are unilateral if they project only to one side of the main stroke, like the serifs at the head of T and the foot of L, and bilateral if they project to both sides, like the serifs at the foot of T and the head of L.) Transitive serifs – smooth entry or exit strokes – are usual in italic.
There are many descriptive terms for serifs, especially as they have developed in roman faces. They may be not only unilateral or bilateral, but also long or short, thick or thin, pointed or blunt, aprupt or adnate, horizontal or vertical or oblique, taperd, triangular, and so on. In texturas and some frakturs, they are usually scutulate (diamond-shaped), and in some architectural scripts, such as Eaglefeather and Tekton, the serifs are virtually round.
 
Bringhurst, Robert. The Elements Of Typographic Style: Version 3.0. Hartley & Marks, 2004, 384p. (p.330)
19th-c. word for a small stroke to finish off the stroke of a letter. Seems to have first appeared in carved Greek letters c. 4th c. BC. Among the many kinds are: beak, bracketed, unbracketed, clubbed, cupped, hairline, hook, rolled, slab, tick and wedge.
 
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p. (p.111)
The right-angled or oblique foot at the end of the stroke.
 
Kane, John. A Type Primer. Laurence King Publishing, 2002, 208p. (p.52)
A Type Primer p.52の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
Finishing line or component that projects from stems and strokes.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
line that crosses the end of a main character stroke
 
Type Terminology | DynamicGraphics.com(図解あり)
SERIF is the short cross stroke at the beginning and end of letter parts.
 
Catich, Edward M.. Origin of the Serif. St Ambrose University, 1991, 310p. (p.15)(図解あり)
『Origin of the Serif』の図解
 
Catich, Edward M.. Origin of the Serif. St Ambrose University, 1991, 310p. (p.20)(図解あり)
『Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering』の図解
Catich, Edward M.. Reed, Pen and Brush Alphabets for Writing and Lettering. Hastings House Publishers, 1980, 64p. (p.57)(図解あり)
書籍『Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces』のp.30「LETTER STRUCTURE」の「H」の図解。
 
Willen, Bruce. Strals, Nolen. Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefaces. Princeton Architectural Press, 2009, 144p. (p.30)
Lettering & Type: Creating Letters and Designing Typefacesp.30の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)

語義2 definition 2
A serif font is a typeface that has an extra stroke at the end of the vertical and horizontal strokes of the main letter-form. A font that doesn't have this extra stroke is known as sans-serif.
 
Examples of serif typefaces include Times, Garamond, Goudy and Palatino. It used to be a commonly accepted wisdom that serif fonts were more readable than sans-serf for large blocks of printed body copy. This theory has been questioned in recent times - but the argument still rages amongst designers.
 
Glossary of fonts terminology, typographic terms, typefaces | design : talkboard
(2) The name of typefaces with serifs. See Antiqua.
See also Serif Typefaces in Classification section.
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary(図解あり)

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