Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/stre's/
範疇《部位》

語義 definitions

  1. 文字の傾きの方向を確定する曲画の太くなった部分。【同】curve stress?
  2. 曲画の太くから細くなるその段階的変化。
  3. 曲画の太い部分の方向。
  4. 文字にある太画と細画の関係で示される傾き。
  5. 【同】axis 1
  6. 文字の一番細い部分を貫いて引かれる線の方向。
  1. The thickened portion of a curved stroke that determines a direction (vertical, horizontal, or diagonal) in which the letterform appears to lean.
  2. The gradation in curved strokes from thick to thin.
  3. The direction of thickening in a curved stroke.
  4. The inclination suggested by the relationship of thick and thin strokes in a letter.
  5. =axis 1
  6. The orientation of a line drawn through the thinnest parts of the letter.

図解 illustrations

語義5 definition 5
axis 1

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

語義1(部分) definition 1
The thickened portion of a curved stroke that determines a direction (vertical, horizontal, or diagonal) in which the letterform appears to lean.
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
In a curved letter, the thickening of curved strokes and the position or angle of this thickening in relationship to the vertical axis. An important design feature of most typeface and lettering styles, stress is derived from a related feature in writing created with a broad-edged writing instrument. Stress is typically described as either diagonal (oblique or biased), as in a typeface such as Sabon, or vertical as in Century Schoolbook however, horizontal stress is also possible (as in P.T. Barnum or Branding Iron). The characters of a typeface may all share the same angle of stress or may have slightly varying angles; sometimes capitals and lowercase letters in the same typeface are designed to have different angles of stress. Also called curve stress; a curved letter may also be said to have an inclined or tilted axis.
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
The vertical, horizontal, or diagonal emphasis on the stroke of a letter.
 
Typography Terms - Proxima software
語義2(変化) definition 2
In typography, the gradation in curved strokes from thick to thin. The original lettering of scribes had strong diagonal stress caused by the pen. Today's refined designs usually have a vertical stress. Sans serif type, however, tends to have no stress at all.
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
語義3(方向) definition 3
The direction of thickening in a curved stroke.
Anatomy of a Character - Fonts.com
The direction of thickening in a curved stroke.
 
Strizver, Ilene. Type Rules!: The Designer's Guide to Professional Typography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,, 2010, 272p. (p.46)
語義4(傾き) definition 4
The inclination suggested by the relationship of thick and thin strokes in a letter. Characters can have an inclined or a vertical stress.
 
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p. (p.165)
The angle at which contrast occurs, usually ranging from vertical to a somewhat back-slanted diagonal. This can best be noted by looking at, for example, the letter "O" and noting if the bottom left is thicker than the top left, and the top right is thicker than the bottom right. If this difference exists, the letter has diagonal stress. If the two halves of the "O" are a mirror image of each other, with the sides thicker than the top/bottom, then the letter has vertical stress. If the top and bottom of the "O" are the same thickness as the sides, there is neither contrast nor stress.
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary
Foam Train fonts
The angle that a curved stroke deviates from the vertical position. This is most frequently seen in older serif typefaces.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
語義5(仮想の線) definition 5
Synonym of axis.
 
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p. (p.36)
The axis at which a letter is drawn; stress may be upright or oblique.
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.10)
『Designing Type』p.10の「O」 の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
語義6 definition 6
One of the classificatory properties of a typeface; the orientation of a line drawn through the thinnest parts of the letter. With Bodoni, for example, the stress line is vertical. With Bembo it slopes downward left to right at about thirty degrees.
 
Eckersley, Richard. Ellerston, Charles M. Hendel, Richard. Pascal, Naomi B. Scott, Anita Walker. Glossary of Typesetting Terms. The University of Chicago Press, 1995, 184p. (p.99)

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