Collecting terms about letter, typeface, type, typography, printing and linguistics; three languages (English, German and Japanese)辞時源諸説―説文解字・用語(文字/印刷/書体)・ドイツ歴史年表

GLOSSARY||TYPE ANATOMY||ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

発音/éks ha'it/
範疇《高さ》《仮想線》
別綴xheight, x height, ex-height

語義 definitions

  1. 《高さ》baselineからascenderdescenderを除いた小文字の最上部までの高さ。baselineからmean line 1までの高さ。【同】body height 1, body size 2, minim height, z-height, mean line 2
  2. 《仮想線》【同】mean line 1
  1. The height from the baseline to the top of the main part of the lowercase letter (mean line) such as x, excluding the ascender and the descender.
  2. =mean line 1

図解 illustrations

語義1 definition 1

 
Typeface: Adobe Garamond Pro Regular

語義2 definition 2

各種定義 definitions from a variety of websites, books and dictionaries

語義1 definition 1
In typographical terminology, the x-height of a font is the distance between the baseline of a line of type and the top of the main part of the lower-case letter-faces - apart from the ascenders and descenders. The letter 'x' is obviously used as prime example.
 
Glossary of fonts terminology, typographic terms, typefaces | design : talkboard
The vertical distance from the baseline to the mean line. This term loosely refers to the height of the lowercase letters, such as a, o, and s. The term large eye refers to a typeface with a large x-height.
 
Take Flight Graphics. Line & Curve. Issue No.1, Volume 1, March 17, 1999【PDF】
The height of lowercase letters, specifically the lowercase x, not including ascenders and descenders.
 
Anatomy of a Character - Fonts.com
The height of the main body of a lowercase letter.
 
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface
In a typeface, the height of the lowercase letters that have no ascenders and descenders. For Latin type, the roman lowercase x is used to define this measurement because it usually has horizontal serifs at top and bottom.
 
Font Glossary - Fonts.com
The height of those lowercase letters such as "x", which do not have ascenders or descenders. The lowercase 'x' is used for measurement since it usually sits squarely on the baseline.
 
Typography Terms - Proxima software
The distance between the Baseline and the Midline of an alphabet, which is normally the approximate height of the unextended Lowercase letters - a, c, e, m, n, o, r, s, u, v, w, x, z - and of the torso of b, d, h, k, p, q, y. The relation of x-height to Cap height, and the relation of x-height to length of extenders, are two important characteristics Latin typeface.
 
ParaType help & info - Font Terminology Glossary
The distance between the baseline and the midline of an alphabet, normally the approximate height of the unextended lowercase letters (a, c, e, m, n...).
 
typoGRAPHIC
In typography, the height of the lowercase letter "x," representing the most important area of a letterform for 90% of lowercase characters. A character's x-height does not take into account ascenders or descenders and is thus a more realistic measurement of the size of a typeface than point size. Also known as body height and body size. Also occasionally known as z-height.
 
PrintWiki - the Free Encyclopedia of Print
In typography, x-height is the distance between the baseline of a line of type and tops of the main body of lower case letters (i.e. excluding ascenders or descenders). The x-height is a factor in typeface identification and readability.
 
Typefaces with very large x-height relative to the total height of the font have shorter ascenders and descenders and thus less white space between lines of type. Sans Serif typefaces typically have large x-heights. In typefaces with small x-heights, other letter parts such as ascenders and descenders may become more visually noticeable.
 
Typefaces with large x-heights may appear darker, heavier, crowded, and more difficult to read at body copy sizes.
 
If changing to a typeface with a smaller x-height is not an option, open up the lines of type by adding more leading (line spacing), and not using fully justified alignment.
 
Typeface Anatomy Basics - Explore Parts of Letters
The height of the lowercase letters, disregarding ascenders or descenders, typically exemplified by the letter x. The relationship of the x-height to the body defines the perceived type size. A typeface with a large x-height looks much bigger than a typeface with a small x-height at the same size.
 
Typeface Anatomy and Glossary | FontShop
The Typographer’s Glossary | FontShop【PDF】(図解あり)
The height of the main body of a lowercase letter.
 
Typedia: Learn: Anatomy of a Typeface
The distance between the baseline and the midline of an alphabet, which is normally the approximate height of the unextended lowercase letters ― a, c, e, m, n, o, r, s, u, v, w, x, z ― and of the torso of b, d, h, k, p, q, y. The relation of x-height to cap height, and the relation of x-height to length of extenders, are two important characteristics of any bicameral Latin typeface.
 
Foam Train fonts
The height from the baseline to the top of lowercase x.
 
Linotype Support - Font Glossary
The height of the lowercase alphabet, discounting the ascenders and descenders. The letter x defines this measurement because of its usually horizontal serifs top and bottom.
 
Eckersley, Richard. Ellerston, Charles M. Hendel, Richard. Pascal, Naomi B. Scott, Anita Walker. Glossary of Typesetting Terms. The University of Chicago Press, 1995, 184p. (p.115)
The height of the main part of lowercase letters.
 
Baines, Phil. Haslam, Andrew. Type & Typography (second edition). Watson-Guptill Publications, 2005, 224p. (p.207)
The height of lowercase letters usually based on the lowercase x, not including ascenders and descenders.
 
Strizver, Ilene. Type Rules!: The Designer's Guide to Professional Typography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,, 2010, 272p. (p.46)
The lower-case character height when ascenders and descenders are excluded.
 
Blackwell, Lewis. 20th Century Type Remix. Gingko Press Inc., 1998, 192p. (p.165)
The distance between the baseline and the midline of an alphabet, which is normally the approximate height of the unextended lowercase letters ― a, c, e, m, n, o, r, s, u, v, w, x, z ― and of the torso of b, d, h, k, p, q, y. The relation of x-height to cap height is an important characteristic of any bicameral Latin typeface, and the relation of x-height to extender length is a crucial property of any Latin or Greek lower case.
 
Bringhurst, Robert. The Elements Of Typographic Style: Version 3.0. Hartley & Marks, 2004, 384p. (p.332)
The distance between the baseline and the x-line, the level of the top of the lowercase x. It usually refers to the height of the lowercase as compared with the capitals, though in a normal seriffed face nearly all the lowercase letters are slightly taller than the x.
 
Tracy, Walter. Letters of Credit: A View of Type Design. David R Godine Pub, 2003, 224p. (p.19)
Synonym of body height.
 
Folsom, Rose. The Calligraphers' Dictionary. Thames & Hudson Ltd, 1990, 144p. (p.132)
The height in any typeface of the lowercase ‘x’.
 
Kane, John. A Type Primer. Laurence King Publishing, 2002, 208p. (p.50)
A Type Primer p.50の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
The height of the lowercase x.
 
Stuart, Henrik. Compositional Typeface Specification. 2006【PDF】
height which lowercase letters reach based on height of lowercase x; does not include ascenders or descenders
 
Type Terminology | DynamicGraphics.com(図解あり)
The distance from the BASELINE to the top of the LOWERCASE x.
 
Glossary of Terms | Font Factory(図解あり)
The height of the lower case x; usually between 50-66% of the capital height.
 
Cheng, Karen. Designing Type. Laurence King Publishing, 2006, 232p. (p.11)
『Designing Type』p.11 の書影【Google Books】(図解あり)
語義2 definition 2
An imaginary line at the top of the lowercase x that sets a height guideline for flat letters and letterparts. Curved letters usually pass through a bit in order to appear the same height as the x.
 
Type Directors Club : Views : Type Dictionary
An imaginary line that establishes a common height from the baseline for the lower-case letters without the ascenders or descenders and is derived from the height of the lower-case x.
 
Haslam, Andrew. Lettering: A Reference Manual of Techniques. Laurence King Publishers, 2011, 240p. (p.9)

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