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宗教とインテリジェントデザイン>カトリック

カトリックにおける6日間の創造の位置づけ


創世記1章1節から2章3節に記述された創造6日間が、事実の描写なのか、寓話なのか。カトリック教義を解説した「カトリック教会のカテキズム要約」では「六日間の創造物語"the account of the six days"」とあり、明瞭ではない。
62. What does Sacred Scripture teach about the creation of the visible world? 337-344

Through the account of the “six days” of creation Sacred Scripture teaches us the value of the created world and its purpose, namely, to praise God and to serve humanity. Every single thing owes its very existence to God from whom it receives its goodness and perfection, its proper laws and its proper place in the universe.

63. What is the place of the human person in creation? 343-344, 353

The human person is the summit of visible creation in as much as he or she is created in the image and likeness of God.

62.聖書は見える世界の創造について何を教えていますか? (337-344)
「六日間」の創造物語を通じて、聖書はわれわれに被造世界の価値とその目的、すなわち神を賛美し、人類に奉仕することを教えます。あらゆるものは存在を神から与えられ、神から善性と完成を、また宇宙における固有の法則と固有の場を受けます。

63.創造において人間はどのような位置を占めますか? (343-344,353)
人間は神にかたどって・似姿として造られているので、見える被造物の頂点です。

[ Compedioカトリック教会のカテキズム要約]

「カトリック教会のカテキズム」だと、明確に「連続する6日間として象徴的に"symbolically as a succession of six days"」とあり、事実の描写ではないという扱いになっている。

さらに、6日間という記述の目的を「被造物のヒエラルキーを6日間の順序によって表現した"hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the six days"」としていて、あらためて、事実の描写ではないことが書かれている
337 God himself created the visible world in all its richness, diversity and order. Scripture presents the work of the Creator &bold(){symbolically as a succession of six days} of divine "work", concluded by the "rest" of the seventh day.204 On the subject of creation, the sacred text teaches the truths revealed by God for our salvation,205 permitting us to "recognize the inner nature, the value and the ordering of the whole of creation to the praise of God."206

338 Nothing exists that does not owe its existence to God the Creator. The world began when God's word drew it out of nothingness; all existent beings, all of nature, and all human history are &blod(){rooted in this primordial event}, the very genesis by which the world was constituted and time begun.207
...
342 The &bold(){hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days"}, from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures209 and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"210

343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.211

[ Catechism of the catholic church
PART ONE: THE PROFESSION OF FAITH
SECTION TWO: THE PROFESSION OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
CHAPTER ONE: I BELIEVE IN GOD THE FATHER
ARTICLE I: "I BELIEVE IN GOD THE FATHER ALMIGHTY, CREATOR OF HEAVEN AND EARTH"
Paragraph 5. Heaven and Earth](強調追加)





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