Dr Koabayashiの平板地球地図(1907)

Jason Colavitoによれば、1900年前後の時代には、未知世界の発見というフィクションをそれらしく記事として新聞に掲載されることが散見された。その例として、彼は以下を挙げている。
the 1909 Grand Canyon newspaper hoaxグランドキャニオンで地下文明が見つかったArizona Gazette 1909/04/05
The 1885 Moberly, Mo. Lost City Hoaxミズーリ州モバリーで地下都市が見つかったThe St. Louis, Mo. Evening Chronicle 1885/04/08
How I Found the Lost Atantis, the Source of All Civilization失われたアトランティスを発見したThe New York American 1912/10/20
The 1907 Ancient Japanese Flat Earth Map Hoax日本の寺で見つかった千年前に作られた世界地図Hawaiian Gazette 1907/01/11

これらのうち「千年前に作られた世界地図」が「Flat-Earth Map by Dr. Kobayashi」という地球平板説がらみネタである。もちろんフィクションなので現物が存在しない。なので、確認できないように「Dr. Kobayashiは現在、すべてのオリジナルシートとスコアを持っており、これらを出版社の手に渡そうとしている兄に渡すために、帰国する予定である」という記載となっている。おそらく、この"Dr. Kobayashi"もその兄も実在ではないだろう。

以下、Hawaiian Gazetteの記事全文:

Stranger almost than the "Manuscript found in a Copper Cylinder" is the copy of a map which came across seas to Honolulu from a Buddhist Temple in the mountains of central Japan. It is a map of the world made 1000 years ago. Dr. Kobayashi, the well-known Japanese physician and surgeon of Honolulu, has received a copy of the map, which he believes to have been made by Chinese priests ten centuries ago.


The map is drawn on the principle of the Mercator Projection showing the North Pole as the center of a circle in which arc the continents of North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia.


"The map was found by my brother in a Japanese temple in the mountains of Japan," said Dr. Kobayashi. "It has been hidden from the Japanese government in modern times just as it was in ancient times, for in olden days such a map would have been destroyed by the authorities. According to a letter the original map was brought from China by a Buddhist priest and concealed in this temple.

「地図は私の兄が日本の山にある日本の寺院で見つけた」と小林博士は言った。 「古代と同じように、現代では日本政府から隠されていた。昔は、そのような地図は当局によって破壊されていた。手紙によると、元の地図は仏教の僧侶によって中国から持ち込まれた。そしてこの寺院に隠された。

"Ten years ago my brother was a consumptive. Although I was a physician he did not wish to be treated with medicines. He decided to go into the mountains and attempt a cure by himself. For ten years he has remained there and used his will power to effect a cure. Today he is a well man. During his stay there he found this map. He evolved from it a theory of the flatness of the earth, despite all modern facts showing it to be a sphere. This theory has been his one aim in life. He is an artist and in order to demonstrate his theory he made beautiful drawings, picturesque and attractive to the eye, in which mechanical, astronomical and engineering methods are shown.


"My brother goes back to the days of Columbus and Amerigo Vespucci who, he says, sailed for a new country believing that by sailing directly in one general direction they would ultimately come to the place.


"We moderns know that a vessel sailing from a port and going continually in a general easterly manner will arrive at the same place. The vessel, of course, goes around the globe. My brother's theory is that one sails about a vast plane as one would sail around the edges of a bowl."


The illustrations accompanying the map arc beautiful examples of Japanese art. No more attractive book of geography has ever been compiled. It is a mass of cherry blossoms, Fujiyamas, beautiful blue seas dotted with the sails of junks and sampans. There are landscapes and seascapes and bizarre pictures of Japanese women, designed along old-time styles. But in every sheet of such pictures the engineering lines are brought out in a way that does not mar the picture. With the text matter explaining each page, the geography should be easily understood.


Dr. Kobayashi now has all the original sheets, scores of them, and these he will return to Japan to his brother, who intends to have them put in the hands of publishers. It will be one of the most novel publications of the period.


The original map of which a copy drawn by Dr. Kobayashi' s brother, and of which the accompanying cut is a tracing, is worm-eaten and barely holds together. The above map with all the continents and even the Hawaian Islands shown, was evidently not made by the priests who traced the original lines.


[ [[The Hawaiian gazette. [volume], January 11, 1907, Page 2, Image 2 About The Hawaiian gazette. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918>https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121...]] ]






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